Non-Surgical Treatment for Urinary Stones in India
Calculi or otherwise commonly known as Kidney stones are formed due to hardened mineral deposits. It is during the course of a significant amount of time that these minute particles turn into stones. In medical terms, the resultant condition of deposition of these minerals is called nephrolithiasis or in layman’s terms, renal stone disease. The main function of the kidney is to act as a filter. It filters the blood and adds up the unwanted remains to the urine. When these remains do not get dissolved in the blood, the kidney fails in the task of throwing them out of the body. This leads to formation of stones or calculi over a period of time. Many times these stones manage to be pushed out of the kidneys but end up getting stuck in the tube that connects the kidney and the bladder and acts as a medium to carry urine. This causes an immense amount of throbbing pain and discomfort in the lower back and groin areas.
Kinds of Kidney Stones
The different kinds of kidney stones are categorized on the basis of its basic component. These stones take around a few weeks to a few months to form.
- Calcium Stones: Calcium stones are the commonest of all. They are found majorly among men that belong to the ages of 20 – 30 years. Calcium when combined with other minerals such as phosphate, carbonate or oxalate form these stones. Oxalate is commonly found in spinach and food containing vitamin C.
- Cystine Stones: Made up of one of the protein building blocks in the body called cystine, the cystine stones are rare in nature. Accumulation of cystine in the urine can result into formation of stones. Cystine stones and the cause of it, Cystinosis are often passed down from one generation to the other.
- Struvite Stones: Commonly found in women suffering with infection in the urinary tract, these stones can grow to enormous sizes causing blockage in the kidney, bladder or the ureter. These stones form as a result of very high levels of pH or alkaline in the urine.
- Uric Acid Stones: Just like the name suggests, the Uric Acid stones are formed due to abnormally high levels of Uric Acid in the urine. These stones are highly common in children as many of their supplementary foods contain insoluble substances.
Keep a Watch on the Signs
Not all kidney stones are the cause of discomfort and pain. Many of them lodge themselves in the kidney or are flushed out without any pain at all and are known to be “silent stones”. However, when these stones get lodged in the ureter, they become the cause of excruciating pain and discomfort. It is of utmost necessity that there is a watch on blood in the urine, frequent urination, and discomfort during urination, nausea and vomiting and loss of appetite.
Tests to Confirm It Is a Kidney Stone
There are various procedures administered to patients suspected to be suffering with this condition. Some of the most common procedures are the IVP, wherein x-rays of the kidneys, ureters and bladders are taken to monitor any kind of abnormalities. Urinalysis, is a procedure where the laboratory examines urine of the patient for abnormalities like excessive protein or white blood cells. Other procedures conducted for testing the severity of the case are blood tests and also Ultrasound of the renal area.
How to Get Kidney Stones Treated?
Kidney stones can be treated with the following procedures:
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): This procedure concentrates on breaking down of the large stones so that they can easily dissolve into the urine and pass out of the body without causing any harm or pain.
- Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy (PCNL): This procedure involves completely removing medium and large sized stones. A procedure similar to a biopsy is conducted under general or spinal anesthesia. A hollow tube is put into ones kidney through a small incision on the back to remove kidney stones.
- Ureteroscopic Lithotripsy with Holmium Laser: The preference of majority of the patients, this procedure is convenient because the patient can resume back to normalcy within 24 hours. A small instrument is sent through the ureter to fragment the large stones using a Coherent Holmium Laser of around 100 watts. These fragmented stones are then naturally flushed out through the urination. This procedure is said to be the most effective of all.
Economical Convenience – India Calling!
In India, hospitals offer international standard facilities when it comes to non-surgical treatment which costs nearly 2500USD. This cost includes a private room stay for 4 days, al hospitable charges and also a convenient pick and drop facility from the airport.
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